Here you will find information on the most common eye conditions which can help you understand your diagnosis, treatment options and what to expect in future.
- AMD (Age-related Macular Degeneration)
AMD is a condition that can affect your eyes as you get older. In fact, in the over 50s, AMD is the leading cause of sight loss in Ireland. AMD causes a loss of vision in the centre of the eye. Reading, writing and up-close work can become difficult. Sometimes the person may experience a problem with recognising colours. Daylight vision may also be affected. Most people have enough side vision to enable them to move around.
- Read an information booklet on AMD entitled Foresight: AMD [PDF, 917KB] and Foresight: AMD [Word, 194KB].
- Free AMD testing is available during AMD Awareness Week which takes place each year from 14 to 20 September. Find out more about AMD Awareness Week.
- Download NCBI’s app – AMD Aware – to find out more about the condition and to see for yourself the effect it has on vision. Find out more about our AMD Aware app.
Cataracts can make things look blurred and misty; some people may have double vision. Colours may become dulled and the person may see little detail. People with cataracts can be very sensitive to light and glare, and a ‘halo’ may appear around lights. Bright light or very sunny days can dazzle the person, while too little light can make it difficult to see.
3. Diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy causes a patchy loss of vision. A person with this condition may have difficulty with up-close reading.
- Read an information booklet called Understanding Diabetic Retinopathy.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that is associated with a build-up of fluid within your eye. This build-up of fluid increases the pressure in your eye and can damage the nerve that carries visual information to the brain (called the ‘optic nerve’). A person with glaucoma may experience loss of side vision and moving around can be difficult. There may be a small central area where the person can still see enough to read and do up-close work.
- Read an information booklet on glaucoma entitled Understanding glaucoma.
More information: If you or someone you know is experiencing sight problems or you would like information on any aspect of sight loss, why not talk to a local NCBI support worker, who can give you advice and information as well as emotional and practical support.